With energy costs skyrocketing, growers everywhere are looking for ways to increase energy efficiency. One of the most obvious places growers look for savings is greenhouse glazing. The knee-jerk response for most growers is to purchase “energy efficient” insulated glazing like twin-wall polycarbonate. Depending on the crop, twin-wall may be a good choice for some growers.
Glazing manufacturers are sure to claim that it’s a great solution…after all, twin-wall is more expensive than single-layer glazing and therefore more profitable. Unfortunately, for most crops multi-wall might not be the best option for achieving increased energy efficiency and maximum productivity. A single-layer glazing product and an energy curtain system is often the most cost-effective solution, and one that offers the highest level of year-round performance and versatility. Use of Insulated Glazing Results in Less Light Transmission.
Using twin-wall glazing is one way to improve energy efficiency. But it also could be the quickest way to reduce a grower’s yields. By installing twin-wall instead of a single-layer covering, growers forego as much as 15% light transmission on an installed basis. That’s because twin-wall glazing products typically transmit 10% to 12% less light than single-layer materials. Plus, the glazing rafters required to install twin-wall typically reduce light transmission by an additional 2% to 3%. Over time, dust, residue collection, and wear can reduce light transmission even further.
The net result? The reduction in light typically means extended cycle times, less yield, and poorer crop quality. Furthermore, many growers are forced to use supplemental electric lighting to extend day length, limiting some of the energy savings they hoped to achieve by installing twin-wall in the first place.
The alternative is to install a highly transmissive single-layer glazing product in conjunction with an automated energy/shade curtain system. This cladding combination will not only achieve excellent energy savings during the winter months, it also will provide the grower with fully automated shading during the summer months. Furthermore, in colder climates, use of a single-layer product and an energy curtain system allows for easy snow melt-off, whereas with twin-wall snow build-up may take days to melt-off.
On an annualized basis, the energy savings achieved using a single-layer glazing product in conjunction with an energy curtain system will be similar to that achieved by using twin-wall, but the grower will receive the added benefit of fully automated summertime shading.
One important note, before installing a single-layer glazing product be certain that it has highly effective built-in condensate control. In fact, ask for a condensate control warranty. Effective condensate control is important because single-layer glazing products generate more condensate than twin-wall products. Effective condensate control keeps the glazing clear and free of droplets that can block the sun’s valuable light and heat-giving energy.
By focusing on increasing productivity and efficiency, growers can increase overall profitability. In other words, don’t just concentrate on one side of the balance sheet, in this case “heating costs.” Look at both sides of the balance sheet – be sure to include revenues in the equation, something that is effected by quality and yields. After all, net profitability is ultimately the most important consideration in business.
Here’s the bottom line, the installed cost of 8mm twin-wall alone is about the same cost as a single-layer glazing material and a curtain system. And energy savings for both systems will be similar. But the latter will always offer greater flexibility and year-round versatility.
As discussed in the beginning of this article, some crops may fair well with less than 75% light transmission under twin-wall (orchids are a good example). If a grower’s crop can thrive under those lighting conditions, the grower should seriously consider using 8mm triple-wall instead. Triple-wall offers light transmission similar to twin-wall, but it offers 24% more energy efficiency that twin-wall. If energy efficiency is a grower’s #1 priority, triple-wall does it better than twin-wall. Growers will see a much higher overall return on investment using triple-wall than they would using twin-wall.
This article was a contribution made to Greenhouse Business by Stan Schultz, Vice President of Marketing for SPS International.
#Shade curtain system
Sunridge Nurseries is excited to announce that it has embarked on an expansion project that will increase their overall production area by an additional 7 acres of greenhouses and shade houses. These state of the art, Agra-Tech solar light ranges will come equipped with the latest technologies in greenhouse climate and irrigation controls. By incorporating higher gutter heights, ridge roof vents and internal shade curtains, coupled with energy efficient double wall polycarbonate coverings, we expect to shorten our crop time on potted grafted vines and do it with fewer energy inputs. Other features include the addition of HAF fans and light diffusion in the polycarbonate coverings which will allows us to grow at higher crop densities without sacrificing plant quality.
The expansion project will increase our overall capacity by 2 million potted vines under a protected insect free environment. This, along with all concrete flooring and roadways throughout the entire project and our continued use of all metal benching, will help to provide for a more disease free growing area. The ability to wash down benches, floors and walkways with disinfectants both before and after vines move thru the facility is a critical step in keeping the vines free of unwanted diseases.
by Michael Vietti
Read the Blog: Sunridge Nurseries Undergoes Large Greenhouse Expansion